Islamic art embraces the visual arts[mostly from the seventh century onwards] produced in the Islamic world. Islamic craftsmanship is hard to describe because it covers a wide scope of terrains, periods, and genres, including Islamic architecture, Islamic calligraphy, Islamic miniature, Islamic glass, Islamic ceramics, and material expressions such as carpets and embroidery. It includes both strict and mainstream artistic expressions. Islamic religious art differs from Christian religious art in that it is non-figural because many Muslims hold that the portrayal of the human figure is idol devotion and whereby a transgression toward God.
So it focused on the depiction of designs and patterns and Arabic calligraphy, rather than on figures. The Arabesque is a major feature of Islamic art. It is artistic expression, stylized, geometrical, floral or veget
al repetitive motifs invoking an imaginary or ideal realm rather than the everyday world and things we see in life. It involves such areas as ceramic art, faience mosaics, relief sculpture, wood and ivory carving, calligraphy. Book gilding, friezes, ivory carving etc. Strict craftsmanship is addressed by calligraphy, engineering and goods of strict structures, like mosque fittings (e.g., mosque lamps and Girih tiles), woodwork and floor coverings. Mainstream workmanship likewise prospered in the Islamic world. In poetry or literature, there is an artistic expression with ambiguity. a major Arab female poet is Khansāʾ who lived in the seventh century. Her major work is The Dīwān and is translated into English by Arthur Wormhoudt and its main theme is pagan fatalism of the tribes of pre-Islamic Arabia. There appears Islamic content in some literature of Malaysia and also the East African languages, including Swahili.
Early advancement of Islamic workmanship was impacted by Roman art, Early Christian art (particularly Byzantine craftsmanship), and Sassanian art, with later impacts from Central Asian roaming traditions. Chinese art had a critical effect on Islamic canvas, ceramics, and textiles. Islamic art is based on Islamic ideals, which were reflected in these artistic creations. For example, Minars were developed to help the Muezzin in spreading the recitation of the Adhan the influence of which spreads to other architectures. Islamic art is additionally addressed uniquely in contrast to culture to culture and formed with nearby practices. However the idea of “Islamic workmanship” has been scrutinized by some art scholars as a visionary construct, the similitudes between workmanship produced broadly diverse settings in the Islamic world, particularly in the Islamic Golden Age, have been adequate to keep the term in wide use by scholars. One of the most famous items is known outside the Islamic world is the pile carpet, more commonly referred to as the Oriental carpet otherwise called, oriental rug, a heavy textile made for a wide range of utilitarian and symbolic purposes. An oriental rug is a heavy textile made for a wide variety of utilitarian and symbolic purposes and produced in oriental countries [loosely classified as Near East, Middle East and the Far East]pile woven or flat woven without pile using such materials as silk, wool and cotton. The paintings of Reza Abbasi heralds unique creative attempts on idealized figures in a garden setting, often using the grisaille techniques previously used for border paintings for the background.